عنوان مقاله [English]
Fair trials include many instances in which every individual has a fair and civil hearing, some of which include the right to litigation, access to impartial and independent tribunals, and they are applicable in all types of civil and criminal cases. Criminal law is applicable, and others, such as the principle of exculpation, include the charge of criminal prosecution. Accordingly, the development of criminal justice in any society is closely linked to the fair trial in that society, which requires the rights and freedoms of the actors in the criminal process. In fact, the fair trial involves many instances in which everyone is involved in the judicial process. It is punishable by civil and criminal law. Therefore, the purpose of the present study is to identify the fair trial in dealing with armed forces crimes. This research has been carried out on the basis of documentary-library method. Then, to collect data and evidence of the present study, the method of recruiting and obtaining the opinion of university professors and judicial authorities was used. A descriptive-analytical approach has been used to analyze them, and the results show that the jurisdiction of the judiciary has changed in terms of court organization and appeals. In the new law dealing with the crimes of the armed forces, due to the application of the principles of fair trial, the challenges of previous laws have been reduced.