عنوان مقاله [English]
The purpose of this study was to investigate the sociological causes of ups and downs of social capital among families living in Malayer in 1977. This is a descriptive study conducted through a survey method. The statistical population was all families living in Malayer city. The sample size was based on Cochran's formula of 376 households, which included 400 people to avoid probable bias in the study. The required information for this study was collected through questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. The total alpha of the questionnaire was 75 (indicating its stability and reliability) and the test results = 68. kmo and the significance of Bartlett's sphericity indicate the correlated questions of the indicators of social capital formation and, consequently, its validity. The results showed that 65% of households were high, 33% moderate and 5.% low. According to path analysis results, variables of social acceptability, socioeconomic status, and religiosity were increasing, and variables of family violence, despotic parental relationships, and severe family supervision were decreasing, affecting family social capital. The role of educational and cultural, supportive and welfare, security and welfare centers and institutions is important to prevent the decline of family social capital.