ترجمه: پلیس در یک جامعة چند‌فرهنگی

نویسنده

گروه زبان شناسی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان

چکیده

استرالیا در دهة 1990 کشوری با تنوع قومی و فرهنگی قابل توجه بوده و دارای بیش از 100 گروه قومی و 80 زبان مهاجر و 150 زبان بومی است (Castles et al.، 1988: 25). بیش از یک چهارم جمعیت 17 میلیونی آن یا در کشورهای غیرانگلیسی زبان به دنیا آمده­اند و یا نسل دوم افرادی هستند که در این کشور متولد شده­اند (Jupp 1995). در سر­شماری سال 1991، 265459 نفر یا 1.6 درصد از جمعیت کل استرالیا، خود را بومی یا از نژاد جزیره­نشینان تورس استریت معرفی کردند (ادارة آمار استرالیا [ABS [1994a: 5). با این حال، تنوع قومی استرالیا یک پدیدة نسبتاً جدید است. در این پژوهش، سیاست­های تبعیض­آمیز پلیس در دهة 1970 در استرالیا و اثرات تغییر در فرهنگ پلیس بررسی و تحلیل خواهد شد.
     این پژوهش نشان داد اگر پلیس، به­عنوان مأموران مجری قانون، اجازه دهند که نگرش­های نژادپرستانه تبدیل به یک بخش پذیرفته شده از محیط شغلی آنها گردد، به سختی می­توانند ادعای حرفه­ای­گری و حتی بی­طرفی داشته باشند. نگرش­های تبعیض­آمیز نیز موانع آشکاری برای کسب اعتماد و همکاری اعضای جوامع اقلیت­های قومی است. از آنجایی که ترس و عدم اعتماد به پلیس در بین برخی گروه ها رایج است، هر گونه مدرکی دال بر رفتار ناعادلانه، تنها می­تواند فاصلة بین پلیس و اقلیت­ها را زیاد کند. بنابراین، جای تعجب نیست که پلیس اغلب متوجه می­شود که تلاش برای جلب همکاری برخی از اعضای جوامع اقلیت می تواند یک کار چالش­برانگیز باشد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Police in a Multicultural Society

نویسنده [English]

  • youssef aram
چکیده [English]

Australia in the 1990s is a country of remarkable ethnic and cultural diversity, with more than 100 ethnic groups, speaking 80 immigrant languages and 150 Aboriginal languages (Castles et al. 1988: 25). More than one-quarter of its 17 million people were either born in non-English-speaking countries or the 'second generation' of those born in these countries (Jupp 1995). At the 1991 Census 265,459 people, or 1.6 per cent of the total population in Australia, identified themselves as being of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander origin (Australian Bureau of Statistics [ABS] 1994a: 5). Australia's ethnic diversity is, however, a relatively recent pheonomenon. In this study, the discriminatory policies of police in Australia in the 1970s and the effects of changes in police culture will be analyzed.
     This research showed that since police work is largely dictated by officers' perception of what constitutes suspicious activities and who is considered respectable, stereotyping and prejudice on the part of police officers can easily lead to harassment and community resentment. As law-enforcement officers, police can hardly claim professionalism and even-handedness if they allow racist attitudes to become an accepted part of their occupational milieu. Prejudicial attitudes are also obvious obstacles to gaining trust and cooperation from members of ethnic minority communities. Since fear and distrust of the police are common among some groups, any evidence of unfair treatment can only add to the distance between police and minorities. It is therefore not surprising that police often find that seeking cooperation from some members of minority communities can be a challenging task.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Police
  • Culture
  • Australia
  • Discrimination
  • immigration
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