صادقانه عمل کردن: راهبردها و رفتارهای غیر کلامی در طی بازجویی پلیس

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکتری زبانشناسی - گروه زبانشناسی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا همدان -ایران

چکیده

در یک آزمایش، شاخص­های غیر کلامی فریب در بازجویی­های پلیس از جرایم ساختگی مورد واکاوی قرارگرفت. هر دو رفتار آوایی و غیر آوایی رتبه­بندی شدند. سی نفر از شرکت­کنندگان تحت _­بازجویی­های طولانی (بیش از 9 دقیقه) توسط سی افسر پلیس باتجربه قرار گرفتند. از افسران پلیس خواسته شد، بازجویی­ها را طبق روال طبیعی انجام دهند. اگرچه افراد دروغگو گزارش کردند که به­طور قابل­ملاحظه­ای متشنج­تر بودند و این کار را دشوارتر از افراد راستگو می­پنداشتند، اما هیچ تفاوتی در رفتارهای غیر­ کلامی رتبه­بندی­شده یافت نشد. در تحلیل راهبردهای به­کار گرفته­شده مشخص شد که هم افراد راستگو و هم افراد دروغگو تلاش کردند تا از انجام حرکات اضافه اجتناب کنند. راهبرد اصلی محتوای کلامی برای دروغگو­ها ساده جلوه­دادن ماجرا و برای راستگوها واقعی جلوه­دادن آن بود. علاوه­بر این، در این پژوهش علت­هایی که چرا در این موقعیت مبرم دروغگوها و راستگوها با رفتار غیر کلامی­شان قابل تمیز نبودند، مطرح و بحث شده­اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

To act truthfully: Nonverbal behaviour and strategies during a police interrogation

نویسنده [English]

  • Mehrdad Meshkinfam
Linguistics Department,, Humanities Faculty, Bu-Ali Sina University
چکیده [English]

In an experiment, nonverbal indicators of deception in police interrogations of mock crimes wereexamined. Both vocal and nonvocal behaviours were scored. Thirty participants were subjected tolong interrogations (over 9 minutes) conducted by 30 experienced police officers, asked to interrogateas they normally do. Although the liars reported being significantly more nervous, and found the taskmore strenuous than the truth tellers, no differences in the nonverbal behaviours scored were found.In an analysis of the strategies employed, both truth tellers and liars were found to try to not makeexcess movements. The principal verbal content strategy for the liars was to keep the story simple, andfor truth tellers to keep the story real. The reasons why, in this demanding situation, the truth tellersand liars could not be distinguished by their nonverbal behaviour are discussed.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Nonverbal behaviour
  • cues to deception
  • police interrogations
  • truth tellers’ and liars’strategies
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